Psychedelics, Dissociatives and Deliriant Drugs

Smoking Herbs

Shabbazz Organics Shamanic herbs are natural, organic, “tools” that are used by medicine men, shamans, lightworkers, healers, witches, magicians, Vodouisants, and other people who deal with the other worlds, dimensions, frequencies, or realms.

Shabbazz Organics Shamanic herbs (oneirogens) are blended and used mostly for lucid dreaming, astral projection, and meditation.

The general group of pharmacological agents commonly known as hallucinogens can be divided into three broad categories:

  • psychedelics
  • dissociatives
  • deliriants

These classes of psychoactive drugs have in common that they can cause subjective changes in perception, thought, emotion and consciousness.

Unlike other psychoactive drugs, such as stimulants and opioids, hallucinogens do not merely amplify familiar states of mind, but rather induce experiences that are qualitatively different from those of ordinary consciousness.

These experiences are often compared to non-ordinary forms of consciousness such as trance, meditation, conversion experiences, and dreams.

One thing that most of these drugs do not do, despite the ingrained usage of the term hallucinogen, is to cause hallucinations.

Hallucinations, strictly speaking, are perceptions that have no basis in reality, but that appear entirely realistic.

A typical “hallucination” induced by a psychedelic drug is more accurately described as a modification of regular perception, and the subject is usually quite aware of the illusory and personal nature of their perceptions.

Some less common drugs, such as dimethyltryptamine and atropine, may cause hallucinations in the proper sense.

Psychedelics, dissociatives, and deliriants have a long history of use within medicinal and religious traditions around the world.

They are used in shamanic forms of ritual healing and divination, in initiation rites, and in the religious rituals of syncretistic movements such as União do Vegetal, Santo Daime, and the Native American Church.

When used in religious practice, psychedelic drugs, as well as other substances like tobacco, are referred to as entheogens.

Starting in the mid-20th century, psychedelic drugs have been the object of extensive attention in the Western world.

They have been and are being explored as potential therapeutic agents in treating

  • Depression
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
  • Alcoholism
  • Opioid addiction
  • Custer headaches
  • Other ailments

Psychedelics

The word psychedelic (From Ancient Greek ψυχή (psychê) mind, soul + δηλος (dêlos) manifest, visible + -ic) was coined to express the idea of a drug that makes manifest a hidden but real aspect of the mind.

It is commonly applied to any drug with perception-altering effects such as LSD, psilocybin, DMT, 2C-B, mescaline, and DOM as well as a panoply of other tryptamines, phenethylamines, and yet more exotic chemicals, all of which appear to act mainly on the 5-HT2A receptor.

Common herbal sources of psychedelics include psilocybe mushrooms, various ayahuasca preparations, peyote, San Pedro cactus, and the seeds of morning glory, and Hawaiian baby woodrose.

Much debate exists not only about the nature and causes, but even about the very description of the effects of psychedelic drugs.

One prominent tradition involves the “reducing valve” concept, first articulated in Aldous Huxley’s book The Doors of Perception.

In this view, the drugs disable the brain’s “filtering” ability to selectively prevent certain perceptions, emotions, memories, and thoughts from ever reaching the conscious mind.

This effect has been described as mind-expanding, or consciousness expanding, for the drug “expands” the realm of experience available to conscious awareness.

A large number of drugs, such as cannabis and Ecstasy, produce effects that could be classified as psychedelic (especially at higher doses) but are not considered to be strictly psychedelic drugs due to other effects that may be more (or equally) prevalent, such as sedation or disinhibition.

In addition, drugs such as cannabis do not affect serotonin receptors like “true” psychedelics.

Psychedelic effects can vary depending on the precise drug, dosage, set, and setting. “Trips” range from the short but intense effects of intravenous DMT to the protracted ibogaine experience, which can last for days.

Appropriate dosage ranges from extremely low (LSD) to rather high (mescaline). Some drugs, like the auditory hallucinogen DIPT, act specifically to distort a single sense, and others have more diffuse effects on cognition generally.

Some are more conducive to solitary experiences, while others are positively empathogenic.

Many psychedelics (LSD, psilocybin, mescaline, and numerous others) are non-toxic, making it difficult to overdose on these compounds.

Dissociatives

Dissociatives are drugs that reduce (or block) signals to the conscious mind from other parts of the brain, typically (but not necessarily, or limited to) the physical senses.

Such a state of sensory deprivation can facilitate self-exploration, hallucinations, and dreamlike states of mind which may resemble some psychedelic mindstates.

Essentially similar states of mind can be reached via contrasting paths—psychedelic or dissociative. That said, the entire experience, risks, and benefits are markedly different.

The primary dissociatives are similar in action to PCP (angel dust) and include ketamine (an anesthetic), and dextromethorphan (an active ingredient in many cough syrups).

Also included are nitrous oxide, and muscimol from the Amanita muscaria (fly agaric) mushroom.

Many dissociatives also have CNS depressant effects, thereby carrying similar risks as opioids to slowing breathing or heart rate to levels resulting in death (when using very high doses).

This does not appear to be true in other cases, and the principal risk of nitrous oxide seems to be due to oxygen deprivation.

Injury from falling is also a danger, as nitrous oxide may cause sudden loss of consciousness, an effect of oxygen deprivation.

Long-term use of dissociative anesthetics such as PCP and ketamine (and possibly dextromethorphan) have been suspected to cause Olney’s lesions (N-methyl-d-aspartate antagonist neurotoxicity), though these lesions have never been demonstrated in primates to date.

Deliriants

The deliriants (or anticholinergics) are a special class of dissociative which are antagonists for the acetylcholine receptors (unlike muscarine and nicotine which are agonists of these receptors).

Deliriants are sometimes called true hallucinogens because they do cause hallucinations in the proper sense: a user may have conversations with people who aren’t there or become angry at a ‘person’ mimicking their actions, not realizing it is their own reflection in a mirror.

They are called deliriants because their effects are similar to the experiences of people with delirious fevers.

While dissociatives can produce effects similar to lucid dreaming (where one is consciously aware they are dreaming), the deliriants have effects akin to sleepwalking (where one doesn’t remember what happened during the experience).

Included in this group are such plants as deadly nightshade, mandrake, henbane, and datura, as well as a number of pharmaceutical drugs when taken in very high doses such as the first generation antihistamines diphenhydramine (Benadryl), its close relative dimenhydrinate (Dramamine or Gravol), and hydroxyzine, to name a few.

Native Americans also consumed massive amounts of tobacco during religious ceremonies in order to experience the delirious effects.

In addition to the danger of being far more “out of it” than with other drugs, and retaining a truly fragmented dissociation from regular consciousness without being immobilized, the anticholinergics are toxic, can cause death due to overdose, and also include a number of uncomfortable side effects.

These side effects include dehydration and mydriasis (dilation of the pupils).

Most modern-day “psychonauts” who use deliriants report similar or identical hallucinations and challenges.

Diphenhydramine, as well as Dimenhydrinate, when taken in a high enough dose, evokes vivid, dark, and entity-like hallucinations, peripheral disturbances, feelings of being alone but simultaneously of being watched, and hallucinations of real things ceasing to exist.

Deliriants also may cause confusion or even rage, and thus have been used by ancient peoples as a battle stimulant.

Shabbazz Organics Shamanic herbs (oneirogens) are blended and used mostly for lucid dreaming, astral projection, and meditation.

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