What Is Acne Keloidalis Nuchae?
When the hair follicles in the skin are inflamed for prolonged periods of time, papules and pustules form. These start as itchy bumps but then get filled with pus which is painful too. The result of this chronic inflammation is acne keloidalis nuchae, which is a benign skin condition characterized by inflamed follicles in the form of papules and pustules primarily in the head and neck regions. These lesions resemble keloid scars.
Acne keloidalis nuchae is also known as acne cheloidalis nuchae, folliculitis keloidalis, dermatitis papillaris capillitii or sycosis framboesiformis.
Who Gets Acne Keloidalis Nuchae?
Men and women in the age group of 10 years to 25 years are mostly affected by Acne keloidalis nuchae. It is very rarely seen in adults above the age of 25 years. The predominance of this skin condition is higher in males than in females. It has been observed that people who are dark-skinned are most affected by it.
What Causes Acne Keloidalis Nuchae?
This skin condition is caused because the affected hair follicles are chronically inflamed and get infected eventually. It is also important to note that Acne keloidalis nuchae is not a contagious skin condition. While the causes of these conditions are not clear, there are certain elements or habits that have been known to increase the chances of individuals developing acne keloidalis nuchae. These include –
- Wearing tight clothes such as sporting gear that increase the friction generated between the skin and the clothing material.
- Shaving too closely causes chronic trauma to the skin
- Certain medications
- Metabolic conditions
What Are The Common Signs And Symptoms?
- Presence of papules and pustules
- Skin lesions that look similar to keloid scars
- Intense itching or scratching at the affected site
- Painful cysts
- Red bumps that are often filled with pus
- Head and neck regions are mostly affected but the skin lesions may also develop in other areas of the body
- Scarring from this skin condition can lead to hair loss eventually.